KNEC KCPE Past Papers Science 2014
KCPE Past Papers Science 2014
1. In the human body digested food is absorbed in the
B. large intestines
D. small intestines.
2. The diagram below represents a certain type of human tooth.
The function of the tooth is
A. gripping and tearing
B. tearing and grinding
C. crushing and grinding
D. biting and crushing.
3. A certain person looked healthy and strong but tested positive for HIV/AIDS. In which one of the following stages of HIV/AIDS was the person likely to be?
D. Full blown.
4. The following are sexually transmitted infections except
5. Which one of the following pairs consists of planets with the longest orbits?
A. Mars and Mercury.
B. Venus and Jupiter.
C. Earth and Saturn.
D. Neptune and Uranus.
6. In order to make a certain weather instrument, a pupil assembled the following materials:
Glass battle, ink, biro pen lube, nails, manilla paper and water.
Which one of the following instrument was the pupil likely to make?
A. Wind vane.
B. Liquid thermometer.
C. Rain gauge.
7. The following are some adaptations of plants that grow in wet environment except having
A. large ﬂat leaves
B. leaves with waxy upper surface
C. thick leaf cuticle
D. an increased number of stomata.
8. Which one of the following groups consists only of ﬁeld pests?
A. Weavils, aphids and weaver birds.
B. Aphids, weaver birds and white ants C. Weavils, white ants and stalkborer.
D. Aphids, weaver birds and stalkborer.
9. Which one of the following is a characteristic of amphibians?
A. Lay their eggs on land.
B. Live partly in water.
C. Have moist skin with scales.
D. Adults breathe through gills.
The diagram below represents a beak of a certain bird.
The bird represented is
A. ﬁlter feeder
B. grain eater
C. nectar feeder
D. ﬁsh eater.
11. In which one of the following activities iswater used in industries?
A. Cleaning tools and equipment.
B. Preparation of soft drinks.
C. Washing cars.
D. Watering plants.
12. Which one ofthe following is anadvantage of hard water?
A. Saves soap during washing.
B. Lathers easily with soap.
C. Forms scum with soap.
D. Suitable for drinking.
13. Mary and John were playing on the see-saw as shown in the diagram below.
ln order to balance on the see-saw
A. John should move towards the pivot
B. Mary should move away from pivot
C. move the pivot towards John
D. move the pivot towards Mary.
14. The following are methods of maintaining simple tools:
(i) Cleaning after use
(ii) Proper storage
(iii) Sharpening cutting edges
(iv) Proper use of tools.
Which pair consists only of methods for safety from accidents?
A. (ii) and (iv).
B. (i) and (iv).
C. (ii) and (iii).
D. (i) and (iii).
15. Which one of the following components of air is used for preservation of soft drinks?
A. Carbon dioxide.
D. Inert gases.
16 Which one of the following pairs of processes are as a result of increase and decrease in temperature respectively? increase
Which one ofthe following statements is
true about liquids and gases?
A. Liquids have deﬁnite volume
. B. Gases have deﬁnite volume.
C. Liquids have deﬁnite shape.
D. Gases have deﬁnite shape.
18 A mixture of salt solution, maize grains and iron ﬁlings can be separated by
A. ﬁltering. use of magnet, evaporation B. decanting, picking, winnowing
C. ﬁltering, decanting, evaporation D. winnowing, use of magnet, picking.
19 The energy transformation that takes place when a torch that uses batteries is switched on is
20. Formation ofa rainbow can be demonstrated by the following activities except when A. observing the sun through a horizontally-held transparent biro pen casing
B. placing a mirror in water to face the sun
C. spraying water in the air from the mouth in bright sunshine
D. placing a biro pen casing on water in a glass container.
21 Which one of the following is a source of electricity?
C Solar panel.
E Biogas plant.
22 Which one of the following consists of foods that are mainly for body building?
A. beef, cassava, potatoes.
B. mutton, maize, pawpaw.
C. peas, beans, eggs.
D. carrots, bananas, tomatoes.
23 Which one ofthe following groups of symptoms is correctly matched with the deﬁciency disease?
Rickets Anaemia Kwashiorkor
A. Bowlegged, brown hair, wrinkled face.
B. Knock- pale eyes, potbellied. kneed,
C. Rapid potbellied, breathlessness heartbeat,
D. Brown wrinkled bowlegged. hair, face,
24 . Which one of the following pairs consists only of components of environment that produce carbon dioxide?
A. Air and plants.
B. Animals and plants.
C. Water and air.
D. Soil and animals.
25 . Use of excess fertilisers will mainly pollute
A. soil and water
B. Water only
C. soil and air
D. soil only.
26 . Which one of the following components of blood is correctly matched with its function?
Blood component Function
A. Red blood cells clotting of blood
B. White blood cells transport oxygen.
C. Platelets ﬁght germs.
D. Plasma transport food.
27 The following are some effects of drug abuse:
(v) Drug induced accidents
. Which one of the following consists only of social effects? A. (i) (ii) (iv).
B. (ii) (iii) (iv).
C. (i) (iii) (v).
D. (i) (iv) (v).
28.Pupils constructed a weather instrument Inner tube
The mistake made in the construction was
A. using coloured water
B. placement of the scale
C. using a narrow tube
D. closing the cork tightly.
26 Which one of the following pairs consists only of plants that directly feed on insects?
A. Pitcher plant and sundew.
B. Mushroom and butter wort.
C. Sunﬂower and pitcher‘
‘ D. Sundew and toadstool.
27 The chart below shows a simple classiﬁcation of plants.
Which one of the following pairs represents Y and Z?
A. Carrots Sisal.
B. Kale Onion.
C. Moss Cypress.
D. Sugar cane Fem.
28 Which one of the following pairs consists only of farm animals that produce mutton?
A. Cow and goat.
B. Goat and sheep.
C. Cow and sheep.
D. Sheep and pig.
29 The following are some characteristics of animals:
(i) Varying body temperatures.
(ii) Lay eggs.
(iii) Have scales.
(iv) Have a backbone.
30 Which two characteristics are for both toad and duck?
A. (i) and (iii).
B. (i) and (ii).
C. (ii) and (iv).
D. (iii) and (iv).
32 The method of grazing that would require the largest piece of land to practice is
B. stall feeding
33 Which of the following pairs of machines consists only of inclined planes
A. Ladder and staircase.
B. Staircase and wheelbarrow.
C. Claw hammer and ladder.
D. Spade and craw bar.
34 In which one of the following is friction an advantage?
A. Skating on ice.
B. Swimming in water.
C. Production ofheat in moving parts.
D. Braking of a bicycle on a road.
35 ln an investigation on factors affecting sinking and ﬂoating pupils carried out the following activities:
(i) placed a bottle top in water.
(ii) made the same bottle top into a ball and placed it on water.
Which one ofthe following factors were the pupils investigating?
C. Type of material.
36 Heat transfer in liquids and gases mainly takes place through
B. convection and conduction
D. conduction and radiation.
37 Which one of the following is a transparent material?
C. Frosted glass.
D. White paper.
38 Which one of the following is a safety measure against lightning when it is raining?
A. Leaning against walls.
B. Walking on open areas.
C. Wearing mbber shoes.
D. Using an umbrella.
39 Which one of the following nutrients is required for the formation of blood in expectant mothers?
A. Vitamin D.
40 Which one ofthe following soil conservation measures is least suitable on a large piece of land?
C. Tree planting.
D. Contour fanning.
41 When pupils heated some garden soil, smoke was produced. The observation made indicated the presence of
A. organic matter
C. mineral particles
42 The following are some characteristics of soil:
(i) ﬁne particles.
(ii) cracks when dry.
(iii) poor drainage.
(iv) good capillarity.
The characteristics are for
A. loam soil only
B. loam and sand soil
C. clay soil only
D. loam and clay soil.
43 Pupils went for a nature walk and observed a plant with yellow fruits and thoms on the stem. The plant observed was likely to be
A. Mexican marigold
B. pig weed
44 Which one of the following groups only consists of materials that are non- magnetic?
A. Piece ofglass, silver coin, cello tape.
B. Nail, steel wool, spoon.
C. Scissors, razor blade, piece of glass.
D. Staple pins, sowing needle, aluminium.
45 Which one of the following groups consists only of gases that comprise 0.03, 0.97 and 21 percentage in air respectively?
A. lnert gases, oxygen and nitrogen.
B. Carbon dioxide, inert gases and oxygen.
C. Inert gases, carbon dioxide and nitrogen.
D. Carbon dioxide, oxygen and nitrogen.
46 Which one of the following is not a component of soil?
A. Rock particles.
47 The diagram below represents a set up that can be used to investigate good and poor conductors of electricity?
A Dry cell
48 Which one of the following materials when used to connect wires at point S would makc the bulb not light?
B. Aluminium foil.
C. Steel wool.
D. Rubber band.
49. The diagram below represents a claw
Which pair ofthe positions V, W, X and Y represents the load and pivot?
A. V and Y.
B. W and X.
C. V and X.
D. W and Y.
50. In a certain investigation pupils sat at hammer in use different positions around a pupil who was ringing a bell. Which one of the following aspects of sound were the pupils investigating?
A. Special sounds.
B. Loud and soft sound.
C. Noise pollution.
D. Direction of sound.
2014 KCPE Science Past Paper-Marking Scheme/Answers
1.D 2.B 3.A 4.B 5.C 6.B 7.A 8.D 9.C 10.C 11.A 12.D 13.B 14.A 15.C 16.B 17.D 18.C 19.B 20.D 21.A 22.B 23.D 24.C 25.B 26.B 37.D 28.A 29.D 30.D 31.B 32.C 33.A 34.A 35.D 36.B 37.C 38.A 39.C 40.D 41.B 42.A 43.C 44.D 45.A 46.B 47.C 48.D 49.B 50.D