1.a) Give the characteristics of the suffering servant of Yahweh according to prophet Isaiah (Isaiah 53). (8 Marks)
b) In what ways did Jesus fulfill prophesies given to King David by Prophet Nathan? (5 Marks)
c) What is the relevance of God’s promises to David to Christians today? (5 Marks)
2.a) Mention ways in which John the Baptist prepared the way for the Messiah. (10 Mark)
b) State reasons why Jesus was rejected in Nazareth. (4 Marks)
c) In what ways are church leaders put to test today? (6 Marks)
3.a) Give examples from the life and Ministry of Jesus which show that He promotedsocial equality. (8 Marks)
b) Explain how the disciples reacted to the use of parables in Jesus’ teachings. (6 Marks)
c) What activities does the church engage in to demonstrate love for others? (6 Marks)
4.a) Relate the message of Peter on the Day of Pentecost. (10 Marks)
b) In what ways did the coming of the Holy Spirit transform the life of Peter on the Day of Pentecost? (5 Marks)
c) What activities of the church in Kenya show that the Holy Spirit is working amongthem? (5 Marks)
5.a) From the teachings of Jesus, what role would the Holy Spirit play? (8 Marks)
b) Describe the fruits of the Holy Spirit according to Galatians 5: 22 – 26. (6 Marks)
c) In what ways do Christians demonstrate the fruit of generosity? (6 Marks)
6.a) Explain how the unity of believers is expressed in the symbol of the body of Christ. (6 Marks)
b) State teachings of Peter concerning the people of God. (1st Peter 2:9 – 10) (6 Marks)
c) How do churches discipline those who cause disunity in the church today? (6 Marks)
1.a) Give the characteristics of the suffering servant of Yahweh according to prophet Isaiah (Isaiah 53). (8 Marks)Is despised, rejected, ignored, arrested and sentenced to death.Is humble and simple.Will be buried in a rich man’s tomb.Suffers innocently.Will suffer as willed by God.Will be highly honoured and will succeed in His work.Will suffer and die for the salvation of humankind.Will be allotted with the sinners in his death.
b) In what ways did Jesus fulfill prophesies given to King David by Prophet Nathan? (5 Marks)Jesus’ foster father, Joseph was a descendant of David.Was the son of God as prophesied by Nathan.Established an everlasting kingdom.Was supported by God as the witness of the voice from heaven at his baptism affirms.Is the great king whose kingdom is kept strong.The angel Gabriel confirmed that Jesus’ kingdom will have no end and that he will rule over Israel for ever.
c) What is the relevance of God’s promises to David to Christians today? (5 Marks)Jesus Christ is a descendant of David and is an heir to the Kingdom of God.Christians are assured of God’s love and mercy through Jesus who is an eternal one i.e. God had promised David an everlasting kingdom.Christians believe that they are spiritual descendants of David through their faith in ChristChristians are promised eternal homeland (heave) to live in.Christians believe the promises made to David have been fulfilled in Jesus Christ.Christians are assured of God’s protection through Jesus Christ.
2.a) Mention ways in which John the Baptist prepared the way for the Messiah. (10 Mark)Baptized people in River Jordan.Advised people to live holy lives by doing what was right.Preached repentance of sin.Baptized those who repented.Encouraged the rich to share with the poor.Advised people to lead honest lives e.g. the tax collectors were not to collect what was illegal.Advised workers not to misuse their offices.Warned people of the coming judgement.Acknowledged Jesus’ greatness over him.He introduced Jesus to his disciples.He told the people that he was not the Messiah but his forerunner.He preached the good news that the Messiah would baptize with fire and the Holy Spirit.Reprimanded Herod for marrying his brother’s wife.Baptized Jesus in River Jordan.Cautioned the Jew’s not to boast about being Abraham’s descendants but to bear fruits that befit repentance.
b) State reasons why Jesus was rejected in Nazareth. (4 Marks)He annoyed the people by telling them that their forefathers rejected God’s prophets.He failed to perform the kind of miracles that he had performed in Capernaum.He told the people that prophets are ignored in their own country.He declared that he had come to fulfill Isaiah’s prophecy concerning the Messiah.He was the son of Joseph.
c) In what ways are church leaders put to test today? (6 Marks)Human suffering which hinders people from accepting the message of hope.Lack of cooperation from the congregation.Problems of how to react/relate objectively when expectations are not met.Inadequate knowledge on how to deal with various groups/women/youth/choir/rival groups/relatives.There are temptations to acquire property unjustly.Difficulties in harmonizing the message of the gospel and innovations of science and technology.Too much time/service is expected out of them.Inability to control / meet their human desires (sexually).Being in an environment that is hostile / insecure.
3.a) Give examples from the life and Ministry of Jesus which show that He promoted social equality. (8 Marks)Though Jesus was God/divine son, he was born of ordinary peasant parents (Mary and Joseph).Jesus was born in a stable / manger.Jesus’ birth was first revealed to shepherds (who were ordinary people)/ not first revealed to the priests in the temple/he was visited by the shepherds.Lived ordinary life of a Jewish child (by undergoing the Jewish rites of passage / assisting his parents).Though he was not a sinner, he was baptized by John the Baptist like all who sought repentance of sin.He selected his disciples from low /high status e.g. sons of Zebedee – James and John who were of low status and all the others were of high status.He preached the message to all – Jews/gentiles/poor/rich etc.He called everybody to repentance/forgave all Jews/gentiles/poor/rich/etc.He healed all Jews/gentiles/great/might/lowHe mixed with all – rich/poor/famous/ordinary people/criminals/children etcHe reinstated the status of a woman as a helper not as subordinate to a man – any other relevant example.In his parables, he used daily experiences from different life situations to address the audience-any parable of Jesus.He was falsely accused like some people who suffer unjustly/crucified with other criminals.He died like everybody else.He condemned evil doers irrespective of status/oppression.
b) Explain how the disciples reacted to the use of parables in Jesus’ teachings. (6 Marks)They were surprised/amazed at the meaning/did not understand reasons for the use of parable.They failed to understand the message of some of the parables.They felt privileged.They understood some parables clearly (especially about religious practices of the Pharisees/priests).They marveled at Jesus’ ability to teach using parables/his wisdom.They enjoyed listening to Jesus parables.They felt challenged by Jesus’ parables.
c) What activities does the church engage in to demonstrate love for others? (6 Marks)Pastoral care/counseling (visits – in general terms).Giving offering/tithes.Worshipping together/fellowships.Praying for one another/faith healing.Preaching/evangelizing.By baptizing/confirming converts/other sacraments.Giving education/training so as to improve living standards.Condemnation of evil.Opening of money generating projects to assist those in need / offering employmentInvolvement in Harambee projects.Providing affordable medical care.Homes for destitute/orphaned children / aged.Provide water by digging boreholes in the arid semi-arid areas.Relief food/clothes/sharing resources/arms/work of charity/helping the needy.Visiting the sick in hospitals/homes.
4.a) Relate the message of Peter on the Day of Pentecost. (10 Marks)Peter stood up to explain what was happening and defended the disciples. He said it was early in the morning and they could not be drunk.What was happening was the fulfillment of Joel’s prophecy about the outpouring of God’s Spirit.The outpouring of the Holy Spirit was a positive proof that the Messianic age had arrived through Jesus Christ.Jesus was from Nazareth through whom God worked miracles.Jesus suffered and was crucified by sinful people in accordance with God’s plan.God raised him up to fulfill the prophecy of King David.The Apostles are living witnesses to the resurrection of Jesus.God has exalted Jesus. whom you rejected and made him both Lord and Saviour.Jesus is a descendant of David.The people who heard Peter’s message were moved and asked Peter what they were to do.Peter invited the people to repentance so that they could be forgiven and receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.About 3,000 people were converted to Christianity on that day.
b) In what ways did the coming of the Holy Spirit transform the life of Peter on the Day of Pentecost? (5 Marks)He was filled with the power of the Holy Spirit.He spoke in tongues like other disciples.He stood up and defended the apostles.Peter became courageous.He preached the word of God boldly.He had knowledge about the scriptures in the Old Testament.He gained wisdom and advised the people what to do.He baptized new converts he converted 3,000 to Christianity.
c) What activities of the church in Kenya show that the Holy Spirit is working amongthem? (5 Marks)Praying at individual or congregation level.Decision making in the church / solving issues and problems in the church.Faith healing/healing the sick.Speaking in tongues.Interpretation of tongues.Confession of sins/reconciliations.Education/giving instructions.Prayers are answered.Singing and dancing music.Preaching/teaching.Giving of offertory and alms/sadaka.Hold fellowship meeting, Bible study/Bible reading.Celebrating of sacraments e.g. Eucharist/Lords supper.Bringing new converts to the church.Pastoral care and counseling.Helping the poor and the needy.Working together of the churches e.g. in writing books/ecumenism/co-operating.Writing Christian literature e.g. pamphlets/magazines.Acts of faith by Christians.Discerning spirit.Works of miracles.Love among members.Through fostering unity of believers.Providing guidance to leaders.Building hospitals and learning institutions – schools and universities.
5.a) From the teachings of Jesus, what role would the Holy Spirit play? (8 Marks)Was going to be a counselor and an advocate to intercede for Christians before GodWas going to reveal hidden truth about God and about JesusWas going to take the place of Jesus and be with the people foreverWas going to give them company so that they would not be desolatedWas going to guarantee God’s love for them because anyone who loved Jesus was loved by GodWas going to be their teacherWas going to remind them of all the teachings Jesus had taught them.Was going to make them aware of their sins.Was going to inform the world about the impending judgement so that they could repent.Was going to be God’s messenger to them /speak on Gods behalfWas going to revel the future to themWas going to glorify and exalt Jesus by telling them about him.Was going to empower them to be Jesus’ witnesses anywhere in the world
b) Describe the fruits of the Holy Spirit according to Galatians 5: 22 – 26. (6 Marks)Love.Joy.Peace.Kindness.Patience.Self control.Faithfulness.Goodness.Gentleness.
c) In what ways do Christians demonstrate the fruit of generosity? (6 Marks)By giving of alms.Giving clothing to the needy.By welcoming strangers to their homes.By putting their skills, time and resources to the service of the church.Sharing the word of God.Visiting the sick and prisoners.Rehabilitating street children/Drug addicts.Caring for Aids Orphans.Ministering to people with HIV/AIDS.
6.a) Explain how the unity of believers is expressed in the symbol of the body of Christ. (6 Marks)Church, like a human body has many parts that function for the good of the whole body.As the body of Christ, the church has many members from different backgrounds but all have been baptized in one spirit.Every member of the church has a role to play for her/his development.Different members have different spiritual gifts that are used for the development of the church.All members of the body of Christ are equal because they serve the same God.All spiritual gifts have been given by God hence none is inferior to the other.Christians strive to remain in Christ and also invite others to become members of the body of Christ.Unity is archived through the practice of virtues such as humility, gentleness or patience.The spirit is the unifying power that brings Christians together as one body of Christ.Jesus is the head of the church.Christians share one faith in Christ.Christ has given Christians gifts for the purpose of building the body of Christ.
b) State teachings of Peter concerning the people of God. (1st Peter 2:9 – 10) (6 Marks)The believers are chosen people/race/they have been selected.They are a royal priesthood/they are to serve the greatest king/God.They are a Holy nation/expected to lead holy/righteousness lives.They belong to God/they form a family of God’s own possession.They were called from darkness to light/their lives had been transformed and should not be dominated by evil.They were once not a people/they were outside the covenant way of life.They are led by the mercies of God/have received God’s grace.
c) How do churches discipline those who cause disunity in the church today? (6 Marks)They are denied leadership positions.Are denied some services of the church such as wedding rites, burial rites e.t.c.Are charged a fine.They are reprimanded and asked to apologize.Workers who cause disunity can lose their jobs.Leaders who cause disunity are asked to resign.Some churches excommunicate members who blaspheme.Sometimes they may be suspended from church duties and church services.They are denied sacrament.